重重矛盾背后的美国精神,我想这可能就是原力

作者: 内地娱乐  发布:2019-09-22

一位平凡的布鲁克林律师卷入国家间权力的游戏。冷战,这样一段历史上特殊的对峙时期,像柏林的冬天,把每个人卷入身份认同感、国家归属感的寒冬。

「You don't seem alarmed. → Would it help?」

我们自己到底是什么样的人?
我想这大概是很多人都感到十分困惑的一件事。
我们到底应该做什么?
我想可能更多人不知道这个问题的答案。
当我们的应该做的事情遭到环境的排斥怎么办?
我想可能清楚知道答案的人屈指可数。
而Donovan,无疑是完美地解答了这三个问题的人。

这个看似叙事平淡,远没有《战狼2》感官冲击力强的影片中,却从中可以读出有着丰富层次的矛盾,让人不禁跟着紧缩眉头。

「Mr. Donovan, you have men like me doing the same for your country. If they were caught, I'm sure that you would wish them to be treated well.」

第一个问题是人们需要穷极一生来探索和解答的,许多人苟延残喘之际仍不能得到明确的结果。
在大的冷战背景下,当人们的头脑被仇恨和恐惧支配的时候,可能没有人会提及第二个问题。于是在Donovan努力为Rudolf辩护时候没有人理解他在做什么。人们光顾着去互相憎恨,却忘记了被社会需要的条件。而因为时代背景的扭曲,因为人潮已经变向,社会已经认可了这样背弃。于是Donovan说“He was treated as a combatant in that war until it no longer suited out government to so treat him. Accordingly he was not given the protections we give our own citizens. He was subjected to treatment that, however appropriate for a suspected enemy, wasn't appropriate to a suspected criminal. I know this man. If the charge is true,he serves a foreign power but he servers it faithfully. If he is a soldier in the opposite army, he is a good soldier. He has not fled the field of battle to save himself. He has refused to serve his capture. He has refused to betray his cause. He has refused to take the coward 's way out. The coward must abandon his dignity before he abandons the field of battle. That,Rudolf Abel will never do. Shouldn't we,by giving him the full benefit of the rights that define our system of government, show this man who we are?Who we are? Is that not the greatest weapon we have in this cold war? Will we stand by our course less resolutely than he stands by his? ”是呀,我们的样子不正是击败对手的最重要的武器吗?最根本的对手难道不是自身吗?
第三个问题可能大多人一辈子都不会遇到,而Donovan用实际行动给了一个满分答案,那就是坚持应该做的。当战俘权益受到侵害,当被抓的学生即将被国家抛弃,他知道即使是一个间谍也应被赋予对齐优异表现考量的权利,他知道"you save one,you save the world"的道理。

身份认同感的矛盾。Abel从出场就展现出“Would it help?”的镇静,一种孤身奋战半生到没有人能指认出他苍老的面庞,所特有的镇静。像最后在格林尼克桥上的对话——embrace or shown me on the back seat.间谍这样的特殊身份让他永远处于隐性的灰色地带,没有人会承认他的身份,他的职业,甚至他的存在。同样的,Donovan,一位曾经平凡的保险律师,被突然丢下一桩铁证如山必定败诉的为苏联间谍辩护的案子,无论在美国国内,遭遇同胞家人唾弃的眼神,甚至深夜射杀的人身威胁,还是在柏林时,孤身一人进行政府不予承认的斡旋。包括Pryor,包括Powers,他们也随时将被国家遗忘、否认,如果Donovan不standing下去。

「The boss isn't always right but he's always the boss.

Do you never worried?

Would it help?」

而Donovan,为什么不是别人?不才的我以为这是一种自信与责任感的混合所致。他知道自己是什么样的人,知道自己该做什么,并且明确自己行为的正确性。而虽然官方名义上,他并不代表任何人,但事实上,他知道他要代表的是美国,他要对国家负责。正是因为掌握这样的纯粹的力量,Donovan在Powers向他倾诉他没有泄密时候,D才会说"it doesn't matter. You know what you did."这样的自信,是一种类似于蚂蚁的强大力量,平时掩藏于地表之下,临危时便幻化为无穷力量。

国家利益与个人权利的矛盾。战争永远不是宏观国家斗争,国家由人掌控,国家由人组成,战争永远是一个个微观个体的决策集合,一个个微观个体的战争经历集合。而在这其中,又会始终贯穿着宏观与微观之间的不可调和。影片最开头便抛出了这样一种矛盾——对人的权利的尊重与保障,是否应该有国籍之分?也就是说,美国是否应该像当时的头号敌人苏联的suspected spy提供美国公民应有的司法保障?这里,想必没有比Donovan在美国最高法院的陈辞更具有说服力的解释。—— “The Cold War is not just a phrase,Your Honor.It's not just a figure of speech.Truly,a battle is being fought between two competing views of the world.I contended that Rudolf Ivanovich Abel is our foe in that battle.He was treated as a combatant in that war until it no longer suited our goverment to so treat him.Accordingly,he was not given the protections we give our own citizens."

「Standing man.(Russian)」

是什么样成了Donovan这样的力量我不得而知。我也不知道如何将自己内化而获得那种力量。不过他的精神或许就像灯塔之中引射的光芒,平日里清晰无比的指引着方向,而暴风来临时带给水手的是一种心灵的安稳。"falling doesn't make people die, but landing does" 这样的力量不是指引人们去那里放置自我,而是阻止人们继续坠落。

"He has not fled the field of battle to save himself.He has refused to serve his captor.He has refused to betray his cause.He has refused to take the coward's way out.The coward must abandon his dignity before he abandons the field of battle.That,Rudolf Abel will never do.Shouldn't we by giving him the full benefit of the rights that define our system of goverment,show this man who we are?Who we are...Is that not the greatest weapon we have in this Cold War?Will we stand by our cause less resolutely than he stands by his? ”

「I know this man. If the charge is true, he serves a foreign power but he serves it faithfully. If he is a soldier in the opposing army, he is a good soldier. He has not fled the field of battle to save himself. He has refused to serve his captor. He has refused to betray his cause. He has refused to take the coward's way out. The coward must abandon his dignity before he abandons the field of battle. That, Rudolf Abel will never do. Shouldn't we, by giving him the full benefit of the rights that define our system of goverment, show this man who we are? Who we are. Is that not the greatest weapon we have in this Cold War? Will we stand by our cause less resolutely than he stands by his?」

真希望有这样的力量,我便可以在有人问我"do you worry?"时候,看似轻松地回答一句"would it help?"

冷战中最强大的武器,是展示一种大国的风度和对人权的尊重,不因为盲目的敌对仇视而做不公正的司法判决。这里是本片很明显的文化输出和美国精神的宣扬,美帝的自豪溢于言表。在苏联和东德还在为交换一个还是两个俘虏而斤斤计较,在东德还在为宣示国家主权而死咬不放时,一种反衬的手法将美帝的形象一下子烘托出来,像United States Supreme Court上镌刻的那句话,ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IS THE FIRMEST PILLAR OF GOOD GOVERMENT,像Lynn交给Donovan这桩案子时的说辞一样"American justice is on trial."虽然这种对自我历史上所展现过的风度的表扬,让我们看来有些刻意,但不得不承认,这就是影片背后核心的美国精神。 这种核心精神1776年就写在《独立宣言》中,"that all men are created equal,taht they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights"。这里的all men被该片阐释出更宽广的定义。

「Well, I'll tell you the first problem. The names of your countries are too long.」

几个自己脑补的小彩蛋:1、为间谍辩护时候和后来成为国家英雄时候都有人认出了他,第一次确实全部人都在看他,第二次却是只有一人。是否暗示着Donovan的这样的力量还没有被大家认识到。2、美国大兵回家时被战友拥抱,苏联间谍消失时候却直接被请进了后座。为了主旋律这么安排?3、回家以后仍记得果酱,印证了这样的心灵力量让Donovan不凡于他人。4、小孩翻墙与柏林墙惨剧对比。也是为了主旋律?

当然,片中还涉及了诸多矛盾,在此不再一一赘述,仅择最核心的两点矛盾与大家分享。欢迎大家批评与指正~

「You don't even like Powers. Everybody hates Powers. He didn't kill himself and he let the commies parade him on television. He's the most hated man in America. After Rudolf Abel, maybe. And me.」

最后,桥,是什么,是跨越有鸿沟两岸的纽带,一种建筑,一种象征。Bridge of Spies,既是The Glienicke Bridge,同时又是一座用人性搭建起来跨越冷战铁幕的桥。

「Can we just call them the Russians? It'll save time.」

「It's arranged for tomorrow morning. It will not happen unless we get two men. Those two men. Two, two, two.」

「You're not worried? → Would it help?」

「Standing man.(Russian)」

「I sent you a gift, Jim. It's a painting. I hope it has some meaning to you.

I'm sorry. I didn't think to get you a gift.

This is your gift. This is your gift.」

「It doesn't matter what people think. You know what you did.」

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